18 Grammar Rules Your Child Should Know
The subject of the verb must always be in the nominative case.
Examples of nominative case: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who.
Wrong: Peter is taller than me;
Right: Peter is taller than I;
The verb must agree with its subject in number and person.
Wrong: He improve
Right: He improves
Pronouns must agree with the nouns they represent, in gender and number.
Wrong: The trees who grow
Right: The trees which grow
The object of a transitive verb must always be in the objective case
Transitive verbs require an object. Examples of transitive verbs: thank, love, hit, give, invite, take.
Examples of the objective case: me, you, him, her, it, us, and them, whom.
Wrong: He gave it to you and I
Right: He gave it to you and me
Correct the following sentence:
A noun or pronoun which indicates possession must be put in the possessive case.
Wrong: Henry house
Right: Henry’s house
Correct the following sentence
Collective nouns must have verbs and pronouns agreeing with them in the singular or plural number, according to the idea they convey.
Examples of collective nouns: army, council, flock, class.
Wrong: The army were impeded in its march
Right: The army was impeded in its march
Two or more nouns or pronouns in the singular number, connected by and, must have verbs, nouns, and pronouns agreeing with them in the plural number.
Wrong: Socrates and Plato was wise; He was the most eminent man in Greece.
Right: Socrates and Plato were wise; they were the most eminent men in Greece.
Two or more nouns or pronouns in the singular number, connected by or or nor, must have verbs, nouns, and pronouns, agreeing with them in the singular number.
Wrong: Neither Tim nor Harry are the boy who disobeyed their father
Right: Neither Tim nor Harry is the boy who disobeyed his father
When or or nor comes between a singular and plural noun or pronoun, the verb must be plural. It is better to place the plural word next to the verb.
Wrong: Neither poverty nor riches was injurious to him.
Right: Neither poverty nor riches were injurious to him.
Correct this sentence:
Do not use adjectives in the place of adverbs or adverbs in the place of adjectives.
Wrong: She writes very neat, and spells accurate
Right: She writes very neatly, and spells accurately
Correct this sentence:
This and that must agree in number with the nouns to which they refer.
Wrong: I have not seen George this four years
Right: I have not seen George these four years.
Do not use the pronoun them as an adjective to any noun.
Wrong: Give me them pencils
Right: Give me those pencils
When you make a comparison between two persons or things only, do not use the adjective or adverb in the superlative degree.
Wrong: Which of those two boys is the tallest?
Right: Which of those two boys is the taller?
In a comparison between three or more, use the superlative.
Wrong: This is the better apple of the three.
Right: This is the best apple of the three.
When the simple past tense and the past participle are different, do not use the simple past in the place of the past participle.
Wrong: I have wrote
Right: I have written
Do not use the past participle in the place of the simple past tense.
Wrong: I seen him
Right: I saw him
Do not use transitive verbs in the place of intransitive verbs and vice versa.
Transitive verbs require an object. Examples: thank, love, hit, give, invite, take.
Intransitive verbs have no direct object. Examples: laugh, cry, work, fall.
Commonly confused verbs: lay and lie, set and sit, rise and raise, wake and awake.
Wrong: He laid in the street.
Right: He lay in the street.
Do not use two negatives in the same simple sentence.
Wrong: I cannot give no more for it.
Right: I cannot give any more for it.
Right: I can give no more for it.
Correct this sentence:
Q1A. They that oppress the poor shall come to want.
The girls were here yesterday; but they were in great haste.
Every girl should be rewarded according to her merits.
Whom did she marry?
A man’s manners frequently influence his fortune.
The council were divided in their sentiments.
Were Sara and Ben at church yesterday?
Neither he nor she was at home.
Neither he nor they were present.
Ann sings delightfully.
Instead of improving yourselves you have been playing these two hours.
Those books belong to me
He is the stronger of the two.
Which of those three kites is the highest?
God is my rock and my salvation; I shall not be shaken.
I began my school yesterday.
I have set things in order.
I think I cannot help him any more.