8 Parts of Speech Your Child Should Know
A Noun is the name of a person, place, or thing:
Timmy, Barbados, chair, health
An Adjective describes a noun:
A sweet mango; a large house; a new car
A Pronoun is used in place of a noun:
Terry was in the orchard, he says that it is full of mango trees, which are covered with fruit.
A Verb indicates an action or state, or asks a question:
Timmy strikes the chair; do you hear the noise?
An Adverb describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb:
He writes well; she is remarkably diligent; he sings very sweetly.
A Preposition connects words and shows the relation between them:
We travelled from Spain through France towards Italy.
A conjunction joins words and sentences together:
My brother and sister are here, but I have not seen them.
An interjection is a word or words used to express emotion:
Ah! there he comes; Oh dear! what shall I do!
A, an and the are Articles:
A tree, an apple, the garden.
Practise parts of speech with this parts of speech workbook
Every word in the English language belongs to one or other of these parts of speech. The best way to determine the part of speech of a word is to ask:
– whether it is a name, or a word used instead of a name
– whether it describes a noun, a verb, or another descriptive word
– whether it indicates an action or state, or asks a question
– whether it joins other words together, or points out a relation between them
The following will help you to figure out the part of speech of a word:
Descriptive words come before Nouns: therefore, we can say, a brown horse, a sweet mango, a loud bang; but we cannot say, a brown did, a sweet covered, a loud every.
Nouns also answer questions beginning with who and what:
Who struck the chair? What did Timmy strike?
The words Timmy and chair, which form the answers to these questions, are nouns.
Adjectives are followed by nouns: therefore, we cannot say, a bad remarkable, an excellent happy; but we can say a bad boy, a remarkable teacher, a happy baby.
Adjectives also answer questions beginning with what sort of:
What sort of orchard is it? What sort of mangoes are these?
Small and sweet, the answers to these questions, are adjectives.
Verbs make sense with the pronouns, I, you, he, or we: therefore, we can say, I stand, you run, he walks, we dance; but We cannot say, I chair, you still, he sweetly, we up.
Adverbs, when joined to verbs or adjectives, answer the questions how? how much? when? or where?
How does he sing? When will Dad be here?
Well, tomorrow, or any other words which will answer to these questions, are adverbs.
Adverbs, though they are descriptive words, like adjectives, do not make sense with nouns: therefore, we cannot say, a good girl diligently, a wise woman prudently; but we can say, a good girl learns diligently, a wise woman acts prudently.
Prepositions may be distinguished from conjunctions by their admitting after them the words me, us, him, them; thus, we can say, come to me, sit by us, take it from him, in them; but we cannot say, come and me, sit or us, take it if him, though them.